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Subhash Chandra Bose

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Subhash Chandra Bose was an Indian revolutionary leader in the Independence of India, who is also known as “Netaji”. Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Calcutta Bengal presidency of British India to the couple, Janakinath Bose( an advocate) and Prabhavati Dutt. He was a brilliant and a genius student of Stewart High School at Kolkata. 

Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna were his influencers. He read their books at an early age from which he felt religion plays a vital role in life. 

He completed his Bachelors of Arts in Philosophy in the year 1918 from Scottish Church College. In the next year, he left India for higher studies and entered Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He appeared Indian Civil Service and cleared the ICS exams with the fourth rank. 

As he did not want to serve under the British he resigned in the year 1921 and started the newspaper named, “Swaraj” where his mentored by Chittaranjan Das, speaker aggressive nationalism, Bengal. 

In the 1923 Subhas Chandra Bose was elected as the president of “All India Youth Congress” and a secretary of Bengal State Congress. 

Bose worked as a CEO of Kolkata (Calcutta) Municipal Corporation for Das. In all the year 1924 Bose was elected as a mayor of Kolkata. 

In the year 1925, Bose was arrested for his work in the Swaraj newspaper. After being released from prison he became General Secretary of the Congress Party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru. 

In 1941 Bose arrived in Germany where the leadership offered him unexpected. His sympathy for the cause of Indian Independence contrastingly started with the attitude towards other colonised people and ethnic communities.

In late 1941, he met Adolf Hitler in which Bose was asked to arrange submarine. In the year 1943, Bose boarded German submarine in Madagascar and he was transferred to a Japanese submarine.

In 1943 with the help of Japanese support Bose built the “Indian National Army”, then he composed the soldiers from the British Indian Army who was captured in the Battle of Singapore.

With great and driven charisma, he created slogans such as “Jai Hind” in the year 1944. In the same year, British Indian Army devastatingly reversed the Japanese attack on India where almost half of the Japanese force and Indian army contingents were killed. 

In the beginning, Bose chose not to surrender with his force or with Japanese force and he escaped to Manchuria, seeking a future in the Soviet Union which was Anti-British. 

 He died in the third-degree burns received when his plane crashed in Taiwan.

However, some of the Indians, especially in Bengal, did not believe the crash had occurred, people believed that Bose would return to Gain India’s Independence. 

We could not get a chance to bid a proper goodbye to this legend, the least we can do is thank him for everything he has done for our country. 


Written By: Nilima Jangam

Email: nilimajangam65@gmail.com

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