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Taraknath Das- Bengali Indian Revolutionary


A pioneer emigrant on the west coast of North America, Taraknath Das was an anti-British Bengali Indian revolutionary. He was an international scholar and used to discuss all his plans with Tolstoy regarding the Asian Indian immigrants in favor of Indian Independence. He was born on 15 June 1884 in Majupura, near Kachrapara in West Bengal.


Barrister P. Mitter, who was the founder of Anushilan Samiti was impressed by sixteen-year-old Tarak’s essay and he recruited Tarak to well known General Assembly’s institution for higher studies. Along with with Tarak, Shrish Chandra Sen, Satyendra Sen, and Adhar Chandra Laskar: all the four, went abroad for higher studies. The actual object for moving abroad was not just the specific higher education but they were to acquire military training and knowledge of explosives.


In a disguise of a monk and named as Tarak Brahmachari he went to Madras to give a speech on patriotism. He particularly inspired Nilakantha Brahmachari, Subrahmania Shiva, and Chidambaram Pillai by his patriotic speeches. But the British authorities had put persecution and to escape it he had gone to Japan. He earned his livelihood as a farmworker in Seattle, he was appointed at the laboratory of the University of California, Berkeley.


In January 1908, he entered the department of Immigration, Vancouver after he qualified as a translator and interpreter of the American Civil Administration. Later on, he started his own journal “Free Hindustan” in English and “Swadesh Sevak” in Gurumukhi edition with the funds sent by Jatin Mukherjee from Calcutta. Free Hindustan was claimed as “the first South Asian publication in Cannada”. In Millside, near New Westminster, he founded the Swadesh Sevak Home which is a boarding school for the children of the Asian Indian immigrants. In the year 1908, Tarak joined the Norwich University, Northfield, Vermont, which is a high-class engineering and military establishment, in order to receive military training.


In the year 1914, he was admitted as a research fellow at the University of California at Berkeley. Later, he issued his M.A. degree and earned his Ph.D. degree from the University of Washington in political science. In the same year, he also acquired American citizenship and contributed to have greater activity in India’s freedom. Tarak then returned to California in July 1916 and after that, he set out for Japan with the project of a vast study on Japanese Expansion and its Significance in World Politics.


All the white jury accused him of the most dangerous criminal and he had to lose his American citizenship and surrender him to the British police. He was sentenced to twenty-two months of prison. He died 22 December 1958 when he returned to the United States from India.


A great freedom fighter who suffered emotionally from the partition of India in 1947 worked for India’s Independence from abroad. Getting an opportunity to stay abroad and live his life comfortably, he didn’t choose this choice. He contributed his best to India’s freedom from the Britishers. He is an example for all of us in working on our responsibilities with complete dedication and devotion.

Written By:- Priyanka Kammar

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