Sukhdev – Self Sacrificing Spirit
Today we bow our heads in respect to all those great heroes, who laid down their lives so that our country can breathe this day. Thousands of great leaders fought their lives and we can never forget their sacrifices. One such young and brave leader was Sukhdev, who played a major role in India’s struggle for independence. He was born on 15th May 1907 in Ludhiana, Punjab of British India. His father was Ramlal Thapar and mother Ralli Devi. He was brought up by his uncle Lala Achint Ram after his father’s death.
He grew up watching the vicious atrocities on Indians by the British Government which encouraged him to join revolutionaries and fight for the freedom. He grew up hating the British. During the late twenties, Indians witnessed a brutal incident in the history of India’s freedom struggle. Lala Lajpat Rai was beaten to death while heading an anti-Simon procession. Rai suffered serious injuries in the police assault and died eventually. This aroused thousands on young Indian minds to emerge as revolutionaries which added great significance in Indian freedom History. Revolutionaries pledged to take of Lala Lajpat Rai’s death in his funeral. One among them was Sukhdev. This incident was a great motivator for his life.
Sukh Dev took active participation in several revolutionary activities with Chandrasekhar and Bhagat Singh. He was a member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) and organized revolutionary cells in Punjab and other areas of North India. He even went on to educate the youth at the National College in Lahore, greatly inspiring them about India’s glorious past. He introduced them about different revolutions taken place during the Russian Revolution. He initiated Study circles at National College. His main aim was to attract the youth to take part in the freedom struggle. Sukh Dev himself took an active part in several revolutionary activities like the Prison hunger strike in 1929. In the year 1929 during his, he went on hunger strike to protect the human rights of his inmates there. However, he would always be remembered in the chronicles of the Indian Freedom Movement for his daring and courageous attacks in the Lahore Conspiracy Case which shook the very foundation of the British government. For his assault in the Lahore Conspiracy case (18 December 1928) he was prime accused in 1930, whose title reads “Crown versus Sukhdev and others”.
After the Central Assembly Hall bombing in New Delhi on 8th April 1929 Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh, and Rajguru were arrested and convicted for their crime. All the three leaders were given death sentence and were hanged in Central Jail in Lahore on 23rd March 1931. Sukhdev lost his life at a very young age of 20 years. Their bodies were secretly taken out of the jail through breaking the walls. Their bodies were burnt on the bank of river Sutlej. Thus, the brave sons of mother India became a memory to Indians. The memory which will always perish their great sacrifices towards the nation.
Written By: Vaishnavi N Patil
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