Father of Nation- Mahatma Gandhi
“Non Violence requires double faith, Faith in God and Faith in Humanity!”
When situations surrounding are very difficult to handle, it can easily converted into violence. Prior Independence conditions of India were crucial as anything. No one ever believe that peace would bring so much help to get independence to India. The one person who was a huge threaten to whole British rulers because of his non violence acts was Mr. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is also known as Bapu, Gandhiji and Father of Nation. Gandhiji was born on 2nd October in Porbandar to the couple Mr. Mohandas Gandhi and Mrs. Putalabai Gandhi. Gandhi was raised in a cultured and educated family. With a very basic and common childhood gandhiji completed his school in Rajkot and went to complete his higher studies to London. Gandhiji belonged to poor family, his mother was unsure about him leaving his family and going for education, but he was determinant. Gandhiji was raised by listening to the stories of Raja Harischandra and Bhagvadgeeta and other mythological books. Inspired from those books and all the learning from his parents he was the most peaceful person. Gandhiji was a shy and self withdrawal person from childhood and the same nature continued throughout the journey. He also tried to adopt the English culture when he was studying law and jurisprudence in London. Though he was shy and introvert personality he always believed in overcoming those weakness in him. He had drop out from his studies for some family problems. He tried to complete his studies in India but he failed. He failed so many times, he came from financially challenged family but he never give up. He was always a family man, a man who always looked at his mother land as a whole family.
Gandhiji moved to South Africa to continue his practice as lawyer for Abdullah’s cousin. When Gandhi arrived in South Africa, according to Herman, he thought of himself as “a Briton first, and an Indian second”. However, the prejudice against him and his fellow Indians from British people that Gandhi experienced and observed deeply bothered him. He found it humiliating, struggling to understand how some people can feel honor or superiority or pleasure in such inhumane practices. Gandhi began to question his people’s standing in the British Empire. After several incidents he decided to fight for his and Indian’s rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He brought an international reputation as a leading Indian nationalist, theorist and community organizer.
Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress and was introduced to Indian issues, politics and the Indian people primarily by Gokhale. Gokhale was a key leader of the Congress Party best known for his restraint and moderation, and his insistence on working inside the system. Gandhi took Gokhale’s liberal approach based on British Wiggish traditions and transformed it to make it look Indian. Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and began escalating demands until on 26 January 1930 the Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did not recognize the declaration but negotiations ensued, with the Congress taking a role in provincial government in the late 1930s. Gandhi and the Congress withdrew their support of the Raj when the Viceroy declared war on Germany in September 1939 without consultation. Tensions escalated until Gandhi demanded immediate independence in 1942 and the British responded by imprisoning him and tens of thousands of Congress leaders. Gandhi started some activities for independence of India, such as, Champaran and Kheda agitations. He started Khilafat and Non Cooperation movements to not to support the British agency in India. Gandhiji started a Salt Satyagraha in Dandi in Gandhi then launched a new Satyagraha against the tax on salt in March 1930. This was highlighted by the famous Salt March to Dandi from 12 March to 6 April, where he marched 388 kilometers (241 mi) from Ahmadabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself. Thousands of Indians joined him on this march to the sea. This campaign was one of his most successful at upsetting British hold on India; Britain responded by imprisoning over 60,000 people. For the love of his nation and the struggles he did to get India Independence nation called him as, “Nation of Father” with love. Gandhiji is also famous as Bapuji. He was rewarded as Rashtrapita by Rabindranath Tagore. At 5:17 pm on 30 January 1948, Gandhi was with his grandnieces in the garden of the former Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti), on his way to address a prayer meeting, when Nathuram Godse fired three bullets from a Beretta M1934 9mm Corto pistol into his chest at point-blank range.
Gandhi has had all kind of life problems in his life, from childhood till his death. He comes from a poor family but he never gave up. He believed in his values all the time even though he was forced to stop doing his activity. He did all his fights of Independence by following his Non-Violence ways. He is one great example of not giving on his thoughts and beliefs. Though Gandhiji had so many critics during his fight of independence at one point of the fight everyone supported the non violence. He was not fortunate enough to see the independence even after struggling so much. We remember him not only as freedom fighter but a social reformer. To never give up and always to follow our beliefs are the most important things Mahatma Gandhiji’s acts teaches us.
Written By: Nilima Jangam