A Founding Father of Republic India- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar!
Father of Indian Constitution, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is a well-known freedom fighter who didn’t only fight the British but also built the base of our country.
Here are a few facts about him we are going to discuss today:-
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedakar was born in a place named, in the town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Province, present-day in Madhya Pradesh on 14th April in the year 1981.
- His original surname was Sakpal but his father, Bhimrao Sakpal changed his surname to Ambadawekar representing his native place Ambadawe in Ratnagiri district. Later his Devrukhe Brahmin teacher changed his name to Ambedkar in the school records.
- Dr. Ambedkar’s ancestors had served the British Army for years but the Ambedkar children and other untouchable children were segregated from other children. Ambedkar could drink water only if the peon is available and he had used gunny sack to sit in the classrooms.
- After shifting to Mumbai in the year 1897 Ambedkar was the only untouchable enrolled at Elphinstone High School.
- Right after a year of shifting to Mumbai, Dr. Babasaheb passed his matriculation examination after which he was awarded in the whole community as he was the only Mahar to do so.
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar completed his postgraduation from Columbia University in New York City where he was awarded a scholarship established by Sayajirao Gaekwad. After completing three theses, he received his Ph.D. in economics after majoring Economics and other subjects of Sociology, History, Philosophy, and Anthropology.
- He achieved another Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and in 1923 he presented his thesis titled, “The Problem of the Rupee: Its origin and its solution”.
- After returning to India he worked as Military Security to Gaekwad but quit the job after a while. To make a living for his family he did a variety of work as a private tutor, as an accountant, and established an investment consulting business but failed to do so as he was untouchable. His time for the battle had begun from his childhood but he started working on it at this point.
- By 1927 he started fighting for untouchability issue of Indian. He began with public movements of drinking water in public as well as entering the temples. For the defense of Dalit rights, he started five periodicals – Mooknayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, Samta, Janata, and Prabuddha Bharat. He supported Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in the Yerawada Jail in the Poona Act.
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, jurist, economist, politician, and social reformer fought for the betterment of the country. Gave his life to bring equality in our country. After independence, he was alotted as a first law and justice minister, the principal architect of the Constitution of India and a founding father of the Republic of India.
We, LEAD family thank Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for his contribution on the occasion of Independence Day 2019.
Written By: Nilima Jangam